Relaxed Ltd: celebrating smallholding
Relaxed Ltd: celebrating smallholding
Relaxed Ltd: celebrating smallholding
Relaxed Ltd: celebrating smallholding
Relaxed Ltd: celebrating smallholding uk
Relaxed Ltd: celebrating smallholding uk
Keeping Goats: The Legalities
Jack Smellie
Celebrating Smallholding

Before you start to keep goats you will need:
  • A County Parish Holding Number (CPH) for the land on which you intend to keep the goats (Gov.UK guidance).
  • A Herd Number which is obtained by registering as a keeper with your local Animal and Plant Heath Agency (APHA) (Gov.UK guidance). (You can do this once the animals are on your land but it is recommended to ring them as soon as you know you are definitley going to become a goat owner.)
Buying your first goats
  • You must be given a movement form (Gov.UK guidance). It is the responsibility of the owner of the goats to fill in a movement form for the goats and provide you with a copy. in England, this is best done electronically using the Animal Reporting and Movement Service (ARAMS) but can still be done on paper. Click here for the procedures for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
  • Check their ear tags. Your goat must have two ear tags OR one ear tag and a tattoo, bolus or pastern tag.
Once the goats are on your land you must:
Going forward
  • Set up a Holding Register (Gov.UK guidance) and from now on record the following: all movements on and off your land, all instances of tagging your goats, all births and deaths.
  • Submit an Annual Inventory (Gov.UK guidance) of all the goats you keep: deadlines are set by DEFRA and differ for each country.
Ear tags
Goats MUST have two identifiers (Gov.UK guidance): either two ear tags OR one ear tag and a bolus or pastern tag. Each one will contain your herd number and an individual number for that goat. They must be applied to the animal within 6 months of birth if they're housed overnight, within 9 months of birth if they're not housed overnight or before you move them off their holding of birth if this is sooner.
If a goat loses a tag, it must be replaced within 28 days.
You can buy tags from anyone on this DEFRA approved list.
Goats going for meat need only have one tag if they go to slaughter before they are 12 months old.
Movements
Every time you move a goat on or off your holding, a movement from must be completed via ARAMS for England. Click here for the procedures for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The responsibility for this falls to the owner of the animals but the 'receiving keeper' must then confirm the move took place and the animal was received in good health. Movements must be confirmed within three days of the goat arriving and a summary recorded in your Holding Register.
Whoever transports the animals to their new homes (known as the haulier) must have a copy of the movement form with them in the vehicle. If stopped, the haulier must be able to prove they are legally entitled to be moving the animals in their vehicle/trailer.
Holding Register
Your Holding Register records all movements on and off your land, all instances of tagging your goats and all births and deaths. You can use the online ARAMS service in England, create a paper version or keep your own electronic version. You must keep the register for 3 years after the last animal in it has left your holding. It must also be available for any inspection.
Medicines
You must keep a medicine book for your goats and record all instances of any medications given (Gov.UK guidance). You can buy a blank animal medicine book, download a proforma or make up your own paper/ electronic version. The following should be recorded: number/name of animal; date medicine given, description of health issue; name, expiry date and batch number of medication, where it was purchased from and withdrawl periods; who administered the medication and how much was given; and finally, the date the treatment finished.
Standstills
In addition, once an animal arrives on your holding, no animal may leave it for 6 clear days (13 in Scotland), e.g. a goat arrives on your holding on a Saturday, thus no animal may leave your holding till the following Saturday (a week saturday in Scotland). In the case of pigs coming onto your holding, this rises to 20 clear days.
There are exemptions to this rule (Gov.UK guidance) if you have a DEFRA approved isolation facility, need to take an animal to the vets or take any to the abbatoir!
 

Tel: 01769 581175  07929 204386/204521    jack@celebratingsmallholdinguk.org.uk    Relaxed Ltd    Celebrating Smallholding Uk

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